Diagnose common sports-specific patterns of technical and tactical movement
Coaches must regularly diagnose and assess athlete and team performance relative to performance-oriented goals in order to facilitate growth.
On an individual athlete level, there are common patterns of sports-specific movements (i.e. - throwing a ball, holding an oar, setting a screen), and common ways athletes develop skills and understanding about these techniques and tactics in each sport. Coaches familiar with these common patterns of development and fluent in anticipating and identifying them are able to work more effectively and efficiently as they plan and implement instruction and feedback that will lead to athlete growth.
Similarly, there are common patterns of tactical team-based actions (correct movement by all players in a zone defense, the run of the rowing shell, doubles court coverage). The coach must be able to recognize both successful execution and holistic deficiencies in order to provide effective praise and/or implement adjustments.